A learner For Christianity
God is the creator of knowledge, and human beings are the discoverer of knowledge. Regarding the method of knowledge, whether Plato or Kant, they have recommended a principle as all philosophers and all scientific methods. This principle advocates the equal observance of two laws: the law of homogeneity and the law of differentiation. Schopenhauer realized the importance of these laws, and based on this, he wrote a very influential methodological work, “On the Four Roots of the Law of Sufficient Reason.”
The so-called law of homogeneity refers to classifying things into categories according to their similarities and common characteristics, and then classifying them as attributes, and then assigning attributes to causes, until finally an all-encompassing supreme idea is obtained. Therefore, the law of reversion must ultimately be transcendental, transcendental, essential, and consistent with everything. Therefore, the understanding of the law of reduction must be absolute confidence in the sense of faith, and it must also be a prerequisite in the sense of knowledge. In fact, those who have the ability to construct new knowledge are the first to discover the hypothetical preconditions as a professional knowledge. When the foundation is solid and reliable, knowledge is finally like a river that emerges.
A thinker and discoverer of knowledge must first understand the law of reduction, otherwise it is impossible to understand the law of differentiation. The so-called law of differentiation means that under the premise of absolute belief in the law of reversion, “Never reduce the diversity of entities lightly.” This is Kant’s famous saying. In short, in fact, it is to always recognize everything. Diversity, uphold the principle of mutual effectiveness of everything, and then start an endless process of subdivision. So Schopenhauer said, don’t try to subdivide comprehensive concepts, let alone skip any of the next-level categories, because any thing and any concept has the possibility of being classified. It is the wisdom of this classification that makes Mankind has discovered a wealth of knowledge.
Because of the gloominess of the theory of human nature and the locality of epistemology, everyone is in a certain one-dimensional state of knowledge. What I want to show is that for Kant or Schopenhauer, they live in a long and stable tradition of Christian beliefs, and they have formed the consciousness of the “law of reversion” based on God’s beliefs. So for them, what they need to work on is the “law of differentiation.” If we understand this, we can understand the entire history of Western thought. This is the fact. The history of Western thought is the history of subdivision of knowledge based on the precondition of the absolute existence of God.
For a Chinese reader, my analysis should be like this: Because we do not have a stable order of belief in the traditional sense of transcendence and experience, we have not established a “law of reconciliation” of knowledge. Of course, This has caused us to lose the ability to subdivide in depth, that is to say, our “law of differentiation” is also at a very low level. So of course, if we want to form knowledge discovery ability and develop awareness of why knowledge is possible, the first thing we need to do is not to learn subdivision, but to learn integration; it is not to learn knowledge, but to learn faith.
As long as we do not put the problem consciousness pair in the absolute and stable ultimate position in the sense of the law of reconciliation, we will make a big mistake in the theory of knowledge. We stupidly subdivide where we need to be reconciled, and we return to where we need to subdivide. same. The premise of the traditional Chinese “Tao” lies in such an ignorant epistemology. The Dao of the Chinese people is not transcendental revelation, but human empirical understanding, which leads us to lose the methodology of reconciliation. Of course, a thinker who has lost the ability to classify will inevitably lose the ability to subdivide. This loss is manifested in the loss of the object of knowledge subdivision by the Chinese very early. Therefore, in order to make up for the methodological ignorance, the Chinese developed the philosophical concept of the unity of nature and man. This is a vague imagination that mixes the law of reconciliation and differentiation. Chinese philosophy calls it the state of chaos, or interprets it as an elephant. invisible. This is a catastrophe of epistemology, causing all Chinese people to remain in a state of ignorance for a long time.
Aware of this disastrous epistemological problem, I started from a knowledge learner and tried to transform into a Christian learner.
Christianity is a daily chanting process, which is a way of life. There must be prayer before meals, one must participate in Sunday worship, one must read the Bible, one must write reading notes, and one must go to volunteer to help the poor. This has to become a habit. It is necessary to practice every day, get up and pray in the morning, and pray before going to bed at night. This kind of practice will not have enough time in a lifetime. If you die, you must pray and you must love God when you die.
From a philosophical perspective, Christianity is the best metaphysical training course for a person, and the best training course for the law of reversion. In the epistemological sense, the lack of rigorous and meticulous metaphysical training is incredible. It will cause the way of thinking of people to lose their sense of direction and coordinate system at the same time. Human life becomes a point, a small plane, and loses the consciousness of constantly asking why. As a result, a person cannot go to the depths or the ultimate. There is no angel to lead the way, and there is no tragic impetus in the back. A person is his own consumer and his own grave.
A person’s moral life comes from the inner moral yardstick, not the outer behavior. This inner yardstick is the absolute command of God. Understanding this absolute command can only be learned through the law of reduction. Yes, the law of reconciliation is a process of upward questioning. Let us speak out the true voice with confidence. The so-called reconciliation is to return to the Bible and the revelation of God’s words.
“You can’t let the right hand know what the left hand does,” “glorify God.” These words are difficult to understand, but the problem can be unfolded through examples. Why did Lei Feng write good deeds in his diary in detail? Who is the diary for? I guess it’s for leaders to read, or at least for myself. Chen Guangbiao is doing charity. Why do you want others to clap and hold the banknotes? Whoever shows this kind of pictures, I’m afraid it’s mainly for the leaders and others. Moral issues must be doubted to the extreme, and doubts are too much to say. A person is truly silent only when he is silent before the ultimate absolute God. Therefore, with regard to the moral order of mankind, only the law of reversion can make us improve.
But this kind of suspicion occurs within a person’s mind. Where does such a secret work come from? We must push our suspicion of human nature into the depths. This is the starting point of our moral life. At this point in the question, you will realize that the so-called self-criticism is very absurd and very unscientific. How can a person criticize himself. A person’s apparent self-criticism should be God’s criticism of him within him. God is a critic and a person is criticized. Such a person finally has the ability to self-criticize. If there is no absolute place for God in a person’s mind, then we can think without hesitation that all his self-criticism is self-defense.
At this time, people will unconditionally fall into two predicaments, either being forced by others to submit, or self-concealing. Being forced by others is a road to slavery; self-concealment is a lie.
The only proposition that brings people back to self-examination is death, and the authority of death is in the hands of God, and the solution to human death lies in Jesus Christ, and resurrection is the only solution to death. This simple point of view is so important. If I don’t accept this point of view, then I will either avoid death like an animal, or I think rationally and arrogantly that I can find the answer to death, or even think that I can find a methodology for immortality.
Even some philosophers who are far from the word of God will realize the importance of death. Heidegger could not make it clearer that the basic problem of philosophy is the problem of death. Russell also said that death means body decay and soul disappearance. Thinking of death, Russell was full of despair, and he could only look back to comfort his sense of despair by affirming the world. So Russell always imagined himself as the mentor of the human soul. In fact, he couldn’t understand it better. As long as he died, the world would cease to exist for him, and all the passions would pass away. Russell and his wife were emotionally indifferent throughout his life. The reason was that he was too self-righteous, thinking that women could not understand his majestic thoughts. In a sense, Russell is very much like a Chinese Confucian scholar-bureaucrat who cares about the world, but does not think about death. This alone has nothing to do with philosophy. He is a rational and conceited literary youth, in a standard sense. The stupid leftist.
It is the loss of the law of reconciliation that has led Russell, as a philosopher, to appear eye-catching rational conceit and full of moral hypocrisy. The contemporary Chinese philosopher Mr. Deng Xiaomang defined this cognitive phenomenon as “a kind of Taoism”, meaning that these philosophers lacked the transcendence ability of metaphysical inquiry. Interestingly, Mr. Deng’s criticism is good, but he himself declared that he does not believe in God, he believes in an absolute goodness. In fact, this is still at the cognitive level of Russell and Confucian scholars, loving the world and not thinking about death, which belongs to the entanglement of epistemology. This is a greater epistemological disaster. Who will define the absolute good? When the good enters the epistemological proposition, human beings will inevitably begin to subdivide according to their subjective preferences. The so-called bad order of distinguishing good from evil will inevitably appear. This constitutes a kind of epistemological entanglement. In fact, Chinese culture is a set of entanglement techniques aimed at the relationship between people. From Confucianism to Legalism to Taoism, this kind of Taoism is in the same line. The pursuit of governance is the slavery of people.
These thoughts are indeed related to the space problems faced by humans. The universe is too big, the natural order is too deep, and we humans seem small. How to deal with the problem, the law of homogeneity and the law of differentiation can allow us to establish a methodology, looking upwards will not lead to mysticism, and subdividing downwards will not lead to pinching fortune-telling.
What an amazing existence people are, we have the ability to learn, not only to learn knowledge, but also to learn faith. When we lament that the universe is too big and nature is too deep, these sighs all happen in our hearts. This means an amazing fact that the human soul is one centimeter larger than the universe. Perhaps, all human astronomical imaginations should use the soul to measure the universe, not the body. Compared to the question of whether there is life on the planet 1400 light-years away from humans, perhaps humans should think more about the form of life on the earth 14 million years ago, and why the records related to human civilization only extended to thousands of years ago. Is it human Did civilization suddenly arise? I believe that if human beings think clearly about their soul, they will also have a clear understanding of the universe.
Therefore, for a true thinker and intellectual, it becomes extremely important to transform from a learner of knowledge to a learner of faith. Especially for those of us who live outside the traditional order of Christianity, this transformation not only determines the depth of our thinking and the depth of knowledge, but also determines the direction of our lives as a person.