Whether it is Kant’s “transcendent moral order” with God’s participation, or the “unbiased bystander” established by Adam Smith that is higher than human rationality, in a logical sense, the benchmark conditions for moral construction are established higher than humans. Based on the transcendental order. When we speak of the propositions that govern ourselves and the world, a person living under the traditional spirit of Christianity may immediately have a sense of absolute ignorance and powerlessness, that is, a person may first admit it, in the ultimate sense , A person can neither truly dominate oneself, nor the world. If a person can accept this powerless and ignorant order of human nature at the traditional level of faith, then he is unlikely to believe that a person has absolute freedom, and can only believe that a person is in the course of his life due to the absolute command of God. Presence, thus possessing a certain improvement ability and improvement process for freedom, and finally waiting for God’s salvation in an era of complete powerlessness. In line with the general understanding of the theory of human nature, that is, a person must bear absolute responsibility for himself, and he must also be aware that if the methodology is correct enough, such as introducing the order of faith, Adam Smith introduced the “just and unbiased bystander”, Kant introduced the “absolute command of God’s existence”, that is, human beings must rely on God’s participation in order to construct human moral order and human spiritual order to a certain degree. Improvements and updates. The biggest difference between Kant’s moral philosophy transcendental precondition for human powerlessness and ignorance. Kant has but Tang Junyi does not. It is precisely because of this difference that we can cautiously conclude that Mr. Tang Junyi’s “contradictory thinking” regards man himself as the benchmark of moral order, and in fact evades and obscures the moral benchmark of man. This is an ethics that lacks scientific signs, an ethics that lacks benchmark conditions. The tradition under the moral order of Smith and Kant was established by the spontaneous order of Christian faith, and thus entered the field of subdivision.
Discover such a moral dilemma and establish a rational judgment on it. You must have a sufficient understanding of the gospel system of Christ, and you must replace your own conceptual order based on Buddhist traditions with a conceptual order based on Christianity. Such replacement is not the work of ethics itself, but the work of evangelism. Only when the gospel of Christ is spread to the ends of the earth, only when the gospel renews a person, and only when Christianity becomes the normal state of a society, this kind of replacement of the conceptual order that occurs within the scope of the individual becomes possible.